Definition of a Special District

State law defines a special district as "any agency of the state for the local performance of governmental or proprietary functions within limited boundaries." In plain language, a special district is a separate local government that delivers a limited number of public services to a geographically limited area.

Special districts have four distinguishing characteristics:

1. Are a form of government.
2. Have governing boards.
3. Provide services and facilities.
4. Have defined boundaries.







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